3- to 8-year-olds' free-play behaviour was video-recorded in two playgrounds before broadcast TV's availability in the South Atlantic island of St. Helena. Similar aged children's behaviour in the same playgrounds was recorded five years after television's arrival. Recorded behaviours were then coded for pro-social and anti-social acts. Out of sixty-four pre-lpost-TV comparisons only nine significant shifts were found. Five revealed decreases in pro-social behaviour (boys and girls), two showed increases in pro-social behaviour (boys only), and the remaining two showed decreases in anti-social behaviour (for boys only). In the discussion, particular environmental factors are highlighted which may help determine whether learned aggression (from TV and elsewhere) is enacted.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Psychology
- Psychiatry and Mental health