Chemically surface-modified carbon nanoparticle carrier for phenolic pollutants: Extraction and electrochemical determination of benzophenone-3 and triclosan

L Vidal, A Chisvert, A Canals, E Psillakis, Alexei A Lapkin, Fernando Acosta, K J Edler, James A Holdaway, F Marken

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53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chemically surface-modified (tosyl-functionalized) carbon nanoparticles (Emperor 2000 from Cabot Corp.) are employed for the extraction and electrochemical determination of phenolic impurities such as benzophenone-3 (2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzophenone) or triclosan (5-chloro-2-(2,4-dichlorophenoxy)phenol). The hydrophilic carbon nanoparticles are readily suspended and separated by centrifugation prior to deposition onto suitable electrode surfaces and voltammetric analysis. Voltammetric peaks provide concentration information over a 10-100 mu M range and an estimated limit of detection of ca. 10 mu M (or 2.3 ppm) for benzophenone-3 and ca. 20 mu M (or 5.8 ppm) for triclosan. Alternatively, analyte-free carbon nanoparticles immobilized at a graphite or glassy carbon electrode surface and directly immersed in analyte solution bind benzophenone-3 and triclosan (both with an estimated Langmuirian binding constants of K approximate to 6000 mol(-1) dm(3) at pH 9.5) and they also give characteristic voltammetric responses (anodic for triclosan and cathodic for benzophenone-3) with a linear range of ca. 1-120 mu M. The estimated limit of detection is improved to ca.5 mu M (or 1.2 ppm) for benzophenone-3 and ca. 10 mu M (or 2.3 ppm) for triclosan. Surface functionalization is discussed as the key to further improvements in extraction and detection efficiency.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)28-35
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume616
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 May 2008

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