This paper reports a ferroresonant experience involving inductive voltage transformers (VT's) in a 400kV substation equipped with circuit breaker grading capacitors. Field measurements are presented and compared with ATP/EMTP simulation results, showing very good agreement. A parametric analysis has been performed to investigate the effect of the substation capacitance on the occurrence of ferroresonance. Fundamental frequency and sub-harmonic ferroresonant modes have been identified and compiled in a bifurcation diagram. The methodology presented can be used to create risk maps of avoidable switching operations or substation configurations. (C) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages
|Electric Power Systems Research
|Published - 2007