Changes in body fat distribution and fitness are associated with changes in hemoglobin A1c after 9 months of exercise training: Results from the HART-D study

Martin Sénéchal, Damon L. Swift, Neil M. Johannsen, Steven N. Blair, Conrad P. Earnest, Carl J. Lavie, Timothy S. Church

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between changes in body composition and fitness after exercise training and changes in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Participants (n = 201) were randomized to aerobic, resistance, or combined training for 9 months. HbA1c, waist circumference, total and trunk fat mass, appendicular fat mass, lean body mass, isokinetic leg muscle strength, peak O2 uptake, and estimated METs were assessed at baseline and follow-up. Change in HbA1c was evaluated across quartiles of change in body composition and fitness.

RESULTS: Change in HbA1c was associated with changes in body weight (r = 0.13, P = 0.052), waist circumference (r = 0.17, P = 0.013), trunk fat mass (r = 0.19, P = 0.005), and estimated METs (r = -0.16, P = 0.023). There was a trend in change in HbA1c across quartiles of waist circumference (P = 0.011), trunk fat mass (P = 0.020), and estimated METs (P = 0.011). Participants with increased estimated METs and reduced trunk fat mass had greater odds of having reduced HbA1c after training (3.48, 1.46-8.31). Finally, participants with increased estimated METs and reduced waist circumference were 2.81 (1.13-6.98) times more likely to have reduced HbA1c and type 2 diabetes medication use than those who without improved fitness and central adiposity.

CONCLUSIONS: In patients with type 2 diabetes, a reduction in central adiposity and increase in fitness were the most prominent predictors of the change in HbA1c in response to exercise training.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2843-2849
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes Care
Volume36
Issue number9
Early online date12 May 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Changes in body fat distribution and fitness are associated with changes in hemoglobin A<sub>1c</sub> after 9 months of exercise training: Results from the HART-D study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Sénéchal, M., Swift, D. L., Johannsen, N. M., Blair, S. N., Earnest, C. P., Lavie, C. J., & Church, T. S. (2013). Changes in body fat distribution and fitness are associated with changes in hemoglobin A1c after 9 months of exercise training: Results from the HART-D study. Diabetes Care, 36(9), 2843-2849. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc12-2428