Challenges of achieving good environmental status in the Northeast Atlantic

Karen A. Alexander, Peter Kershaw, Philip Cooper, Alison J. Gilbert, Jason M. Hall-Spencer, Johanna J. Heymans, Andreas Kannen, Hans J. Los, Tim O'Higgins, Cathal O'Mahony, Paul Tett, Tineke A. Troost, Justus van Beusekom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The sustainable exploitation of marine ecosystem services is dependent on achieving and maintaining an adequate ecosystem state to prevent undue deterioration. Within the European Union, the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) requires member states to achieve Good Environmental Status (GEnS), specified in terms of 11 descriptors. We analyzed the complexity of social-ecological factors to identify common critical issues that are likely to influence the achievement of GEnS in the Northeast Atlantic (NEA) more broadly, using three case studies. A conceptual model developed using a soft systems approach highlights the complexity of social and ecological phenomena that influence, and are likely to continue to influence, the state of ecosystems in the NEA. The development of the conceptual model raised four issues that complicate the implementation of the MSFD, the majority of which arose in the Pressures and State sections of the model: variability in the system, cumulative effects, ecosystem resilience, and conflicting policy targets. The achievement of GEnS targets for the marine environment requires the recognition and negotiation of trade-offs across a broad policy landscape involving a wide variety of stakeholders in the public and private sectors. Furthermore, potential cumulative effects may introduce uncertainty, particularly in selecting appropriate management measures. There also are endogenous pressures that society cannot control. This uncertainty is even more obvious when variability within the system, e.g., climate change, is accounted for. Also, questions related to the resilience of the affected ecosystem to specific pressures must be raised, despite a lack of current knowledge. Achieving good management and reaching GEnS require multidisciplinary assessments. The soft systems approach provides one mechanism for bringing multidisciplinary information together to look at the problems in a different light.

LanguageEnglish
Article number49
JournalEcology and Society
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatusPublished - Mar 2015

Fingerprint

ecosystem
ecological phenomena
ecosystem resilience
public sector
marine ecosystem
ecosystem service
private sector
marine environment
European Union
stakeholder
climate change
directive
effect
policy
good management
ecological factor
society

Keywords

  • Sustainability
  • Good environmental status
  • Northeast atlantic
  • Soft systems methodology
  • Trade-offs
  • Ecosystem-based management

Cite this

Alexander, K. A., Kershaw, P., Cooper, P., Gilbert, A. J., Hall-Spencer, J. M., Heymans, J. J., ... van Beusekom, J. (2015). Challenges of achieving good environmental status in the Northeast Atlantic. Ecology and Society, 20(1), [49]. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-07394-200149

Challenges of achieving good environmental status in the Northeast Atlantic. / Alexander, Karen A.; Kershaw, Peter; Cooper, Philip; Gilbert, Alison J.; Hall-Spencer, Jason M.; Heymans, Johanna J.; Kannen, Andreas; Los, Hans J.; O'Higgins, Tim; O'Mahony, Cathal; Tett, Paul; Troost, Tineke A.; van Beusekom, Justus.

In: Ecology and Society, Vol. 20, No. 1, 49, 03.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Alexander, KA, Kershaw, P, Cooper, P, Gilbert, AJ, Hall-Spencer, JM, Heymans, JJ, Kannen, A, Los, HJ, O'Higgins, T, O'Mahony, C, Tett, P, Troost, TA & van Beusekom, J 2015, 'Challenges of achieving good environmental status in the Northeast Atlantic' Ecology and Society, vol. 20, no. 1, 49. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-07394-200149
Alexander KA, Kershaw P, Cooper P, Gilbert AJ, Hall-Spencer JM, Heymans JJ et al. Challenges of achieving good environmental status in the Northeast Atlantic. Ecology and Society. 2015 Mar;20(1). 49. https://doi.org/10.5751/ES-07394-200149
Alexander, Karen A. ; Kershaw, Peter ; Cooper, Philip ; Gilbert, Alison J. ; Hall-Spencer, Jason M. ; Heymans, Johanna J. ; Kannen, Andreas ; Los, Hans J. ; O'Higgins, Tim ; O'Mahony, Cathal ; Tett, Paul ; Troost, Tineke A. ; van Beusekom, Justus. / Challenges of achieving good environmental status in the Northeast Atlantic. In: Ecology and Society. 2015 ; Vol. 20, No. 1.
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