Catalyst ‘light-off’ experiments on a diesel oxidation catalyst connected to a diesel engine - methodology and techniques

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Abstract

A methodology was developed, which helped to investigate the ‘light-off’ characteristics of a real diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) while it was connected to a diesel engine. As a demonstration of the technique, trials were performed on a Ford 2.0 litre engine, with a Pt on γ-alumina DOC (o.d. = 106 mm; length = 114 mm). By operating the engine at a constant speed (e.g. 2,000 rpm), it was shown that when the engine torque was varied (e.g. from 5 to 47 N.m), the gas inlet temperature to the DOC could also be varied (e.g. from 146 to 285 °C), whilst the gas composition and the mass flow of gas remained relatively constant - this enabled more scientific studies of catalyst ‘light-off’ to be performed on a real exhaust system. Experiments were also performed with higher background levels of a reactant (e.g. CO concentrations = 3,000, 4,000 and 5,000 ppm), and hysteresis between ‘light-off’ and ‘light-down’ was observed. It was also shown how valuable additional information may be obtained from experiments using a thin-slice DOC (o.d. = 106 mm; length = 5 mm), and the CO inhibition effect was demonstrated on a real engine exhaust.
LanguageEnglish
Pages834-845
Number of pages12
JournalChemical Engineering Research & Design
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
StatusPublished - Jun 2012

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Diesel engines
Oxidation
Catalysts
Carbon Monoxide
Engines
Experiments
Gases
Vehicle Emissions
Exhaust systems (engine)
Aluminum Oxide
Flow of gases
Hysteresis
Demonstrations
Alumina
Torque
Chemical analysis
Temperature

Cite this

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title = "Catalyst ‘light-off’ experiments on a diesel oxidation catalyst connected to a diesel engine - methodology and techniques",
abstract = "A methodology was developed, which helped to investigate the ‘light-off’ characteristics of a real diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) while it was connected to a diesel engine. As a demonstration of the technique, trials were performed on a Ford 2.0 litre engine, with a Pt on γ-alumina DOC (o.d. = 106 mm; length = 114 mm). By operating the engine at a constant speed (e.g. 2,000 rpm), it was shown that when the engine torque was varied (e.g. from 5 to 47 N.m), the gas inlet temperature to the DOC could also be varied (e.g. from 146 to 285 °C), whilst the gas composition and the mass flow of gas remained relatively constant - this enabled more scientific studies of catalyst ‘light-off’ to be performed on a real exhaust system. Experiments were also performed with higher background levels of a reactant (e.g. CO concentrations = 3,000, 4,000 and 5,000 ppm), and hysteresis between ‘light-off’ and ‘light-down’ was observed. It was also shown how valuable additional information may be obtained from experiments using a thin-slice DOC (o.d. = 106 mm; length = 5 mm), and the CO inhibition effect was demonstrated on a real engine exhaust.",
author = "Shifei Ye and Yap, {Yeow H.} and Kolaczkowski, {Stanislaw T.} and Kevin Robinson and Dmitry Lukyanov",
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AB - A methodology was developed, which helped to investigate the ‘light-off’ characteristics of a real diesel oxidation catalyst (DOC) while it was connected to a diesel engine. As a demonstration of the technique, trials were performed on a Ford 2.0 litre engine, with a Pt on γ-alumina DOC (o.d. = 106 mm; length = 114 mm). By operating the engine at a constant speed (e.g. 2,000 rpm), it was shown that when the engine torque was varied (e.g. from 5 to 47 N.m), the gas inlet temperature to the DOC could also be varied (e.g. from 146 to 285 °C), whilst the gas composition and the mass flow of gas remained relatively constant - this enabled more scientific studies of catalyst ‘light-off’ to be performed on a real exhaust system. Experiments were also performed with higher background levels of a reactant (e.g. CO concentrations = 3,000, 4,000 and 5,000 ppm), and hysteresis between ‘light-off’ and ‘light-down’ was observed. It was also shown how valuable additional information may be obtained from experiments using a thin-slice DOC (o.d. = 106 mm; length = 5 mm), and the CO inhibition effect was demonstrated on a real engine exhaust.

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