Cassava: an appraisal of its phytochemistry and its biotechnological prospects

Ian S Blagbrough, S A L Bayoumi, Michael G Rowan, John R Beeching

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present state of knowledge of the phytochemistry of small molecules isolated from the roots and leaves of cassava Manihot esculenta Crantz (Euphorbiaceae) is reviewed Cassava roots are an important source of dietary and industrial carbohydrates mainly eaten as a source of starch forming the staple food to over 500 million additionally the roots have value as a raw material for industrial starch production and for animal feed giving the crop high economic value but It suffers markedly from post-harvest physiological deterioration (PPD) The hydroxycoumanns scopoletin and its glucoside scopolin as well as trace quantities of esculetin and its glucoside esculin are identified from cassava roots during PPD The biotechnological prospects for cassava are also reviewed including a critical appraisal of transgenic approaches for crop improvement together with its use for bioethanol production due to cassava s efficient ability to fix carbon dioxide into carbohydrate.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1940-1951
Number of pages12
JournalPhytochemistry
Volume71
Issue number17-18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

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