Careers in context: An international study of career goals as mesostructure between societies’ career-related human potential and proactive career behavior

Maike Andresen, Eleni Apospori, Hugh Gunz, Pamela Agata Suzanne, Evgenia Lysova, & 5C Collaborators, Ifedapo Adeleye, Olusegun Babalola , Silvia Bagdadli, Rhoda Bakuwa, Biljana Bogićević-Milikić, Janine Bosak, Jon P. Briscoe, Jong-Seok Cha, Katharina Chudzikowski, Rick Cotton, Silvia Dello Russo, Michael Dickmann, Nicky Dries, Anders Dysvik & 1 others et al.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Careers exist in a societal context that offers both constraints and opportunities for career actors. Whereas most studies focus on proximal individual and/or organizational level variables, we provide insights into how career goals and behaviors are understood and embedded in the more distal societal context. More specifically, we operationalize societal context using the career-related human potential composite (CHPC) and aim to understand if and why career goals and behaviors vary between countries. Drawing on a model of career structuration and using multilevel mediation modelling, we draw on a survey of 17,986 employees from 27 countries, covering nine of GLOBE’s ten cultural clusters, and national statistical data to examine the relationship between societal context (macrostructure building the career-opportunity structure) and actors’ career goals (career mesostructure) and career behavior (actions). We show that societal context in terms of societies’ CHPC is negatively associated with the importance given to financial achievements as a specific career mesostructure in a society that is positively related to individuals’ proactive career behavior. Our career mesostructure fully mediates the relationship between societal context and individuals’ proactive career behavior. In this way, we expand career theory’s scope beyond occupation- and organization-related factors.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages47
JournalHuman Resource Management Journal (HRMJ)
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 24 Jun 2019

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Empirical study
Agency and structure
Career goals
Factors
Organizational level
Mediation
Structuration
Career decision
Employees
Modeling
Career theory

Keywords

  • Careers
  • model of career structuration
  • societal context
  • career-related human potential
  • career mesostructure
  • importance of financial achievements
  • proactive career behavior

Cite this

Careers in context: An international study of career goals as mesostructure between societies’ career-related human potential and proactive career behavior. / Andresen, Maike; Apospori, Eleni; Gunz, Hugh; Suzanne, Pamela Agata ; Lysova, Evgenia; & 5C Collaborators; Adeleye, Ifedapo; Babalola , Olusegun; Bagdadli, Silvia; Bakuwa, Rhoda; Bogićević-Milikić, Biljana ; Bosak, Janine; Briscoe, Jon P.; Cha, Jong-Seok; Chudzikowski, Katharina; Cotton, Rick; Dello Russo, Silvia; Dickmann, Michael; Dries, Nicky; Dysvik, Anders; et al.

In: Human Resource Management Journal (HRMJ), 24.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Andresen, M, Apospori, E, Gunz, H, Suzanne, PA, Lysova, E, & 5C Collaborators, Adeleye, I, Babalola , O, Bagdadli, S, Bakuwa, R, Bogićević-Milikić, B, Bosak, J, Briscoe, JP, Cha, J-S, Chudzikowski, K, Cotton, R, Dello Russo, S, Dickmann, M, Dries, N, Dysvik, A & et al. 2019, 'Careers in context: An international study of career goals as mesostructure between societies’ career-related human potential and proactive career behavior', Human Resource Management Journal (HRMJ).
Andresen, Maike ; Apospori, Eleni ; Gunz, Hugh ; Suzanne, Pamela Agata ; Lysova, Evgenia ; & 5C Collaborators ; Adeleye, Ifedapo ; Babalola , Olusegun ; Bagdadli, Silvia ; Bakuwa, Rhoda ; Bogićević-Milikić, Biljana ; Bosak, Janine ; Briscoe, Jon P. ; Cha, Jong-Seok ; Chudzikowski, Katharina ; Cotton, Rick ; Dello Russo, Silvia ; Dickmann, Michael ; Dries, Nicky ; Dysvik, Anders ; et al. / Careers in context: An international study of career goals as mesostructure between societies’ career-related human potential and proactive career behavior. In: Human Resource Management Journal (HRMJ). 2019.
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