Careers in context: An international study of career goals as mesostructure between societies' career-related human potential and proactive career behaviour

Maike Andresen, Eleni Apospori, Hugh Gunz, Pamela Agata Suzanne, Mami Taniguchi, Evgenia Lysova, Ifedapo Adeleye, Olusegun Babalola , Silvia Bagdadli, Rhoda Bakuwa, Biljana Bogićević-Milikić, Janine Bosak, Jon P. Briscoe, Jong-Seok Cha, Katharina Chudzikowski, Rick Cotton, Silvia Dello Russo, Michael Dickmann, Nicky Dries, Anders Dysviket al.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Careers exist in a societal context that offers both constraints and opportunities for career actors. Whereas most studies focus on proximal individual and/or organisational-level variables, we provide insights into how career goals and behaviours are understood and embedded in the more distal societal context. More specifically, we operationalise societal context using the career-related human potential composite and aim to understand if and why career goals and behaviours vary between countries. Drawing on a model of career structuration and using multilevel mediation modelling, we draw on a survey of 17,986 employees from 27 countries, covering nine of GLOBE's 10 cultural clusters, and national statistical data to examine the relationship between societal context (macrostructure building the career-opportunity structure) and actors' career goals (career mesostructure) and career behaviour (actions). We show that societal context in terms of societies' career-related human potential composite is negatively associated with the importance given to financial achievements as a specific career mesostructure in a society that is positively related to individuals' proactive career behaviour. Our career mesostructure fully mediates the relationship between societal context and individuals' proactive career behaviour. In this way, we expand career theory's scope beyond occupation- and organisation-related factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-391
Number of pages47
JournalHuman Resource Management Journal (HRMJ)
Volume30
Issue number3
Early online date12 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Careers
  • model of career structuration
  • societal context
  • career-related human potential
  • career mesostructure
  • importance of financial achievements
  • proactive career behavior
  • careers
  • proactive career behaviour

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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  • Projects

    5C II: 5C Cross-cultural collaboration on contemporary careers (Phase II)

    Chudzikowski, K., Dickmann, M. & Parry, E.

    1/02/13 → …

    Project: Research-related funding

    Cite this

    Andresen, M., Apospori, E., Gunz, H., Suzanne, P. A., Taniguchi, M., Lysova, E., Adeleye, I., Babalola , O., Bagdadli, S., Bakuwa, R., Bogićević-Milikić, B., Bosak, J., Briscoe, J. P., Cha, J-S., Chudzikowski, K., Cotton, R., Dello Russo, S., Dickmann, M., Dries, N., ... et al. (2020). Careers in context: An international study of career goals as mesostructure between societies' career-related human potential and proactive career behaviour. Human Resource Management Journal (HRMJ), 30(3), 365-391. https://doi.org/10.1111/1748-8583.12247