Abstract

Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is considered as a potential candidate for brain stroke imaging due to its compactness and potential use in bedside and emergency settings. The electrode-skin contact impedance and low conductivity of skull pose some practical challenges to EIT head imaging. This work studies the application of capacitively coupled electrical impedance tomography (CCEIT) in brain imaging for the first time. CCEIT is a new contactless EIT technique that uses voltage excitation without direct contact with the skin, as oppose to directly injecting current to the skin in EIT. Because the safety issue of a new technique should be strictly treated, simulation work based on a simplified head model was carried out to investigate the safety aspects of CCEIT. By comparing with standard EIT excited by a typical safe current level used in brain imaging, the safe excitation reference of CCEIT is obtained. This is done by comparing the maximum level of internal electrical field (internal current density) of EIT and that of CCEIT. Simulation results provide useful knowledge of excitation signal level of CCEIT and also show a critical comparison with traditional EIT. Practical experiments were carried out with a twelve-electrode CCEIT phantom, saline and carrot samples. Experimental results show the feasibility and potential of CCEIT for stroke imaging. In this work, the anomaly diameter resolution is 10 mm (1/18 of the phantom diameter), which indicates that small-volume stroke could be detected. This is achieved by a low excitation voltage of 1V, showing the possibility of even better performance when higher but yet safe level of excitation voltages is used.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1-1
Number of pages1
JournalIEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Early online date25 Jan 2019
DOIs
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 25 Jan 2019

Cite this

@article{038471bad9af44ba833d632995c44dca,
title = "Capacitively Coupled Electrical Impedance Tomography (CCEIT) for Brain Imaging",
abstract = "Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is considered as a potential candidate for brain stroke imaging due to its compactness and potential use in bedside and emergency settings. The electrode-skin contact impedance and low conductivity of skull pose some practical challenges to EIT head imaging. This work studies the application of capacitively coupled electrical impedance tomography (CCEIT) in brain imaging for the first time. CCEIT is a new contactless EIT technique that uses voltage excitation without direct contact with the skin, as oppose to directly injecting current to the skin in EIT. Because the safety issue of a new technique should be strictly treated, simulation work based on a simplified head model was carried out to investigate the safety aspects of CCEIT. By comparing with standard EIT excited by a typical safe current level used in brain imaging, the safe excitation reference of CCEIT is obtained. This is done by comparing the maximum level of internal electrical field (internal current density) of EIT and that of CCEIT. Simulation results provide useful knowledge of excitation signal level of CCEIT and also show a critical comparison with traditional EIT. Practical experiments were carried out with a twelve-electrode CCEIT phantom, saline and carrot samples. Experimental results show the feasibility and potential of CCEIT for stroke imaging. In this work, the anomaly diameter resolution is 10 mm (1/18 of the phantom diameter), which indicates that small-volume stroke could be detected. This is achieved by a low excitation voltage of 1V, showing the possibility of even better performance when higher but yet safe level of excitation voltages is used.",
author = "Y Jiang and Manuchehr Soleimani",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "25",
doi = "10.1109/TMI.2019.2895035",
language = "English",
pages = "1--1",
journal = "IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging",
issn = "0278-0062",
publisher = "IEEE",

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T1 - Capacitively Coupled Electrical Impedance Tomography (CCEIT) for Brain Imaging

AU - Jiang, Y

AU - Soleimani, Manuchehr

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N2 - Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is considered as a potential candidate for brain stroke imaging due to its compactness and potential use in bedside and emergency settings. The electrode-skin contact impedance and low conductivity of skull pose some practical challenges to EIT head imaging. This work studies the application of capacitively coupled electrical impedance tomography (CCEIT) in brain imaging for the first time. CCEIT is a new contactless EIT technique that uses voltage excitation without direct contact with the skin, as oppose to directly injecting current to the skin in EIT. Because the safety issue of a new technique should be strictly treated, simulation work based on a simplified head model was carried out to investigate the safety aspects of CCEIT. By comparing with standard EIT excited by a typical safe current level used in brain imaging, the safe excitation reference of CCEIT is obtained. This is done by comparing the maximum level of internal electrical field (internal current density) of EIT and that of CCEIT. Simulation results provide useful knowledge of excitation signal level of CCEIT and also show a critical comparison with traditional EIT. Practical experiments were carried out with a twelve-electrode CCEIT phantom, saline and carrot samples. Experimental results show the feasibility and potential of CCEIT for stroke imaging. In this work, the anomaly diameter resolution is 10 mm (1/18 of the phantom diameter), which indicates that small-volume stroke could be detected. This is achieved by a low excitation voltage of 1V, showing the possibility of even better performance when higher but yet safe level of excitation voltages is used.

AB - Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is considered as a potential candidate for brain stroke imaging due to its compactness and potential use in bedside and emergency settings. The electrode-skin contact impedance and low conductivity of skull pose some practical challenges to EIT head imaging. This work studies the application of capacitively coupled electrical impedance tomography (CCEIT) in brain imaging for the first time. CCEIT is a new contactless EIT technique that uses voltage excitation without direct contact with the skin, as oppose to directly injecting current to the skin in EIT. Because the safety issue of a new technique should be strictly treated, simulation work based on a simplified head model was carried out to investigate the safety aspects of CCEIT. By comparing with standard EIT excited by a typical safe current level used in brain imaging, the safe excitation reference of CCEIT is obtained. This is done by comparing the maximum level of internal electrical field (internal current density) of EIT and that of CCEIT. Simulation results provide useful knowledge of excitation signal level of CCEIT and also show a critical comparison with traditional EIT. Practical experiments were carried out with a twelve-electrode CCEIT phantom, saline and carrot samples. Experimental results show the feasibility and potential of CCEIT for stroke imaging. In this work, the anomaly diameter resolution is 10 mm (1/18 of the phantom diameter), which indicates that small-volume stroke could be detected. This is achieved by a low excitation voltage of 1V, showing the possibility of even better performance when higher but yet safe level of excitation voltages is used.

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