We report the development of a simple and powerful capacitive aptasensor for the detection and estimation of human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), a biomarker for breast cancer, in undiluted serum. The study involves the incorporation of interdigitated gold electrodes, which were used to prepare the electrochemical platform. A thiol terminated DNA aptamer with affinity for HER2 was used to prepare the bio-recognition layer via self-assembly on interdigitated gold surfaces. Non-specific binding was prevented by blocking free spaces on surface via starting block phosphate buffer saline-tween20 blocker. The sensor was characterized using cyclic voltammetry, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), atomic force microscopy and contact angle studies. Non-Faradic EIS measurements were utilized to investigate the sensor performance via monitoring of the changes in capacitance. The aptasensor exhibited logarithmically detection of HER2 from 1 pM to 100 nM in both buffer and undiluted serum with limits of detection lower than 1 pM. The results pave the way to develop other aptamer-based biosensors for protein biomarkers detection in undiluted serum.
- Breast cancer
Arya, S., Zhurauski, P., Jolly, P., Batistuti, M., Mulato, M., & Estrela, P. (2018). Capacitive aptasensor based on interdigitated electrode for breast cancer detection in undiluted human serum. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 102, 106-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bios.2017.11.013