British national identity and life satisfaction in ethnic minorities in the United Kingdom

Rusi Jaspal, Barbara Cristina da Silva Lopes, Glynis M. Breakwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (SciVal)


This study examines British national identification in survey data from 226 Indians, Pakistanis, Black Caribbeans and Black Africans. Black participants reported stronger ethnic identification and more frequent ethnic discrimination; and Pakistanis reported higher religiosity and more frequent religious discrimination, but stronger British national identification. Uncertainty about the meaning and accessibility of British national identity and perceived ethnic discrimination were associated with decreased British national identification. British national identification was in turn positively associated with life satisfaction. Uncertainty about the meaning and significance of Britishness challenges its value to overall identity maintenance, making it less accessible to ethnic minorities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-472
JournalNational Identities
Issue number5
Early online date29 Sept 2020
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2021


  • British national identity
  • discrimination
  • ethnic minorities
  • life satisfaction
  • social identity uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • General Environmental Science
  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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