Brightest group galaxies – II: the relative contribution of BGGs to the total baryon content of groups at z < 1.3

Ghassem Gozaliasl, Alexis Finoguenov, Habib G Khosroshahi, Bruno M B Henriques, Masayuki Tanaka, Olivier Ilbert, Stijn Wuyts, Henry J Mccracken, Francesco Montanari

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We performed a detailed study of the evolution of the star formation rate (SFR) and stellar mass of the brightest group galaxies (BGGs) and their relative contribution to the total baryon budget within R 200 (f b,200 BGG ). The sample comprises 407 BGGs selected from X-ray groups (M 200 = 10 12.8-10 14M ) out to z ~ 1.3 identified in the Cosmic Evolution Survey (COSMOS), XMM Large-Scale Structure survey (XMM-LSS), and the All-Wavelength Extended Groth strip International Survey (AEGIS) fields. We find that BGGs constitute two distinct populations of quiescent and star-forming galaxies and their mean SFR is ~2 dex higher than the median SFR at z < 1.3. Both the mean and the median SFRs decline with time by > 2 dex.We take into account the halo mass growth of groups in selecting the sample of BGGs and find that the mean (median) stellar mass of BGGs has grown by 0.3 dex since z = 1.3 to the present day. We show that up to ~45 per cent of the stellar mass growth in a star-forming BGG can be due to its star formation activity.With respect to f b,200 BGG, we find it to increase with decreasing redshift by ~0.35 dex, while decreasing with halo mass in a redshift-dependent manner. We show that the slope of the relation between f b,200 BGG and halo mass increases negatively with decreasing redshift. This trend is driven by an insufficient star formation in BGGs, compared to the halo growth rate. We separately show the BGGs with the 20 per cent highest f b,200 BGG are generally non-star-forming galaxies and grow in mass by processes not related to star formation (e.g. dry mergers and tidal striping). We present the M *-M h and M */M h-M h relations and compare them with semi-analytic model predictions and a number of results from the literature.We quantify the intrinsic scatter in stellar mass of BGGs at fixed halo mass (σ logM * ) and find that σ logM * increases from 0.3 dex at z ~ 0.2-0.5 dex at z ~ 1.0 due to the bimodal distribution of stellar mass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2787-2808
Number of pages22
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number2
Early online date5 Jan 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018


  • CD
  • Galaxies: clusters: general
  • Galaxies: elliptical and lenticular
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: groups: general
  • Galaxies: stellar content -X-rays: galaxies: clusters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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