Brief intervention for hazardous drinking delivered using text messaging: a pilot randomised controlled trial from Goa, India.

Abhijit Nadkarni, Danielle Fernandes, Urvita Bhatia, Richard Velleman, Ethel D'souza, Joseline D’souza, Grace Marimilha Pacheco, Seema Sambari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract


Objective:

To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a mobile-based brief intervention (BI), generate preliminary estimates of the impact of the BI and fine-tune the procedures for a definitive randomised controlled trial.
Design:

Parallel three-arm single-blind individually randomised controlled pilot trial. Eligible and consenting participants were randomised to receive mobile-based BI, face-to-face BI and information leaflet.
Setting:

Educational institutions, workplaces and primary care centres.
Participants:

Adult hazardous drinkers.
Results:

Seventy-four participants were randomised into the three trial arms; forty-eight (64·9 %) completed outcome evaluation. There were no significant differences between the three arms on change in any of the drinking outcomes. There were however in two-way comparisons. Face-to-face BI and mobile BI were superior to active control for percent days heavy drinking at follow-up, and mobile BI was superior to active control for mean grams ethanol consumed per week at follow-up.
Conclusion:

The encouraging findings about feasibility and preliminary impact warrant a definitive trial of our intervention and if found to be effective, our intervention could be a potentially scalable first-line response to hazardous drinking in low-resource settings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1365-1374
Number of pages10
JournalPublic Health Nutrition
Volume25
Issue number5
Early online date18 Feb 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2022

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