Branching brownian motion in a strip: survival near criticality

Simon Harris, Marion Hesse, Andreas Kyprianou

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Abstract

We consider a branching Brownian motion with linear drift in which particles are killed on exiting the interval (0,K) and study the evolution of the process on the event of survival as the width of the interval shrinks to the critical value at which survival is no longer possible. We combine spine techniques and a backbone decomposition to obtain exact asymptotics for the near-critical survival probability. This allows us to deduce the existence of a quasi-stationary limit result for the process condi- tioned on survival which reveals that the backbone thins down to a spine as we approach criticality.
This paper is motivated by recent work on survival of near crit- ical branching Brownian motion with absorption at the origin by A ̈ıd ́ekon and Harris in [AH] as well as the work of Berestycki et al. in [BBS] and [BBS11].
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-275
Number of pages51
JournalAnnals of Probability
Volume44
Issue number1
Early online date14 Jul 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016

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Keywords

  • Branching Brownian motion
  • backbone decomposition
  • large deviations
  • multiplicative martingales
  • additive martingales

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