Brain Connectivity Changes during Bimanual and Rotated Motor Imagery

Jung Tai King, Alka Rachel John, Yu Kai Wang, Chun Kai Shih, Dingguo Zhang, Kuan Chih Huang, Chin Teng Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (SciVal)


Motor imagery-based brain-computer interface (MI-BCI) currently represents a new trend in rehabilitation. However, individual differences in the responsive frequency bands and a poor understanding of the communication between the ipsilesional motor areas and other regions limit the use of MI-BCI therapy. Objective: Bimanual training has recently attracted attention as it achieves better outcomes as compared to repetitive one-handed training. This study compared the effects of three MI tasks with different visual feedback. Methods: Fourteen healthy subjects performed single hand motor imagery tasks while watching single static hand (traditional MI), single hand with rotation movement (rmMI), and bimanual coordination with a hand pedal exerciser (bcMI). Functional connectivity is estimated by Transfer Entropy (TE) analysis for brain information flow. Results: Brain connectivity of conducting three MI tasks showed that the bcMI demonstrated increased communications from the parietal to the bilateral prefrontal areas and increased contralateral connections between motor-related zones and spatial processing regions. Discussion/Conclusion: The results revealed bimanual coordination operation events increased spatial information and motor planning under the motor imagery task. And the proposed bimanual coordination MI-BCI (bcMI-BCI) can also achieve the effect of traditional motor imagery tasks and promotes more effective connections with different brain regions to better integrate motor-cortex functions for aiding the development of more effective MI-BCI therapy. Clinical and Translational Impact Statement The proposed bcMI-BCI provides more effective connections with different brain areas and integrates motor-cortex functions to promote motor imagery rehabilitation for patients' impairment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2100408
JournalIEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine
Early online date14 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 25 Apr 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2013 IEEE.


  • Bimanual coordination
  • brain connectivity
  • motor imagery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Brain Connectivity Changes during Bimanual and Rotated Motor Imagery'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this