Abstract

Boron as an element is highly electropositive (metalloid) and present naturally mainly in fully oxidised form (as borate). It has many interesting applications in (electro-)chemical analysis and beneficial effects when used as a dopant, in alloys, or as a materials component. New types of highly porous boron-based covalent framework materials promise to revolutionise hybrid materials design with size selectivity and/or receptor function. When employed in organic boronates, borinates, boranes, and hetero-boranes, there are many applications in particular as (supramolecular or surface-immobilised) Lewis acidic ligands for a range of nucleophilic targets in analytical electrochemistry (anion detection, immunoassays, glycated proteins, microRNA detection, cell recognition). Although generally assumed non-electrochemically active, many boron compounds and boronic acids can also undergo redox transformations to add to their versatility and functionality. This chapter provides a general overview of boron redox reactivity and a review of some recent applications of boron in electroanalysis.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBoron
Subtitle of host publicationSensing, Synthesis and Supramolecular Self-Assembly
EditorsM. Li, J. S. Fossey, T. D. James
Place of PublicationAbingdon, U. K.
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
Pages236-255
Number of pages20
ISBN (Print) 9781849736749
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

Publication series

NameMonographs in Supramolecular Chemistry
Number16
VolumeJanuary 2016

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