We studied the effects of nine techniques of bone surface preparation on cement penetration and shear strength at the cement-bone interface in a standard model of bovine cancellous bone. In unprepared bone the mean penetration was 0.2 mm and the mean shear strength of the interface was 1.9 MPa, less than that of the underlying bone. Brushing with surface irrigation gave mean penetrations of 0.6 to 1.4 mm and mean shear strengths of 1.5 to 9.9 MPa. In 50% of specimens the interface was weaker than the underlying bone. The use of pressurised lavage resulted in mean penetrations of 4.8 to 7.9 mm and mean shear strengths of 26.5 to 36.1 MPa, which were greater than those of the cancellous bone in all specimens. Pressurised lavage was equally effective alone or in combination with brushing, and its efficacy was not altered by using pulsed or continuous jets, or by changing the temperature of the solution from 21 degrees C to 37 degrees C.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume|
|Publication status||Published - May 1993|