Bond stress-slip relationship in concrete-filled square stainless steel tubes

Peng Dai, Lu Yang, Jie Wang, Manfang Lin, Junwei Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The application of stainless steel tubes in concrete-filled steel tube systems can significantly improve their corrosion resistance in comparison with those that employ carbon steel tubes. In this paper, a series of push-out tests were carried out to investigate the bond stress-slip behavior between stainless steel tubes and concrete. A total of 14 concrete-filled square stainless steel tube specimens were tested, covering two cross-sectional width-thickness ratios (B/t = 30 and 50), two concrete strength (fcu = 44 and 76 MPa), three rib stiffener types (ordinary, saw-shaped and perfobond leister) and two stainless steel grades (austenitic and duplex). The test results indicate that B/t, fcu and stainless steel grade have noticeable influences on the ultimate bond stress (τu) in concrete-filled square stainless steel tube and the addition of rib stiffeners significantly improves the bond behavior. The bond mechanism at different stages of loading and the effect of various parameters on τu are discussed. Based on the test results, an idealized bond stress-slip strain (τ-εS) curve was proposed, where good agreement between the test and the proposed model has been achieved.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127001
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Early online date2 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2022


  • Bond stress-slip relationship
  • Concrete-filled square stainless steel tube
  • Push-out test
  • Rib stiffeners
  • Strain distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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