Bohseite, ideally Ca4Be4Si9O24(OH)4, from the Piława GóRNA quarry, the Góry Sowie Block, SW Poland

E. Szełeg, B. Zuzens, F. C. Hawthorne, A. Pieczka, A. Szuszkiewicz, K. Turniak, K. Nejbert, S. S. Ilnicki, H. Friis, E. Makovicky, M. T. Weller, M. H. Lemée-Cailleau

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (SciVal)


Bohseite is an orthorhombic calcium beryllium aluminosilicate with variable Al content and an endmember formula Ca4Be4Si9O24(OH)4, that was discovered in the Piława Górna quarry in the eastern part of the Góry Sowie Block, ∼50 km southwest of Wrocław, SW Poland. It occurs in a zoned anatectic pegmatite dyke in close association with microcline, Cs-rich beryl, phenakite, helvite, 'lepidolite', probably bertrandite and unidentified Be-containing mica as alteration products after a primary Be mineral, probably beryl. Bohseite forms fan-like or parallel aggregates (up to 0.7 cm) of white, platy crystals (up to 2 mmlong) with characteristic striations. It is white with a white streak, is translucent and has a vitreous lustre; it does not fluoresce under ultraviolet light. The cleavage is perfect on {001} and fair on {010}, and neither parting nor twinning was observed. Bohseite is brittle with a splintery fracture and Mohs hardness is 5-6. The calculated density is 2.719 g cm-3. The indices of refraction are α = 1.579, β = 1.580, γ = 1.597, all ± 0.002; 2Vobs = 24(3)°, 2Vcalc = 27°; the optic orientation is as follows: X a= 16.1°, Y b = 16.1°, Z // c. Bohseite shows orthorhombic diffraction symmetry, space group Cmcm, a = 23.204(6), b = 4.9442(9), c = 19.418(6) Å, V = 2227.7(4) Å3, Z = 4. The crystal structure was refined to an R1 value of 2.17% based on single-crystal data, and the chemical composition was determined by electron-microprobe analysis. Bohseite is isostructural with bavenite. Bohseite was originally approved with an end-member composition of Ca4Be3AlSi9O25(OH)3, but subsequent discovery of compositions with Be > 3.0 apfu led to redefinition of its end-member composition, holotype sample and locality, as reported here. There is extensive solid solution in bavenite-bohseite according to the scheme O(2)OH- + T(4)Si4+ + T(3)Be2+O(2)O2- + T(4)Al3+ + T(3)Si4+, and a general formula for the bavenite-bohseite minerals may be written as Ca4BexSi9Al4-xO28-x(OH)x, where x ranges from 2-4 apfu: Ca4Be2Si9Al2O26(OH)2 (bavenite) to Ca4Be4Si9O24(OH)4 (bohseite).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-46
Number of pages12
JournalMineralogical Magazine
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017


  • bavenite
  • beryllium
  • bohseite
  • crystal-structure refinement
  • electron-microprobe analysis
  • end-member
  • infrared spectrum
  • solid-solution


Dive into the research topics of 'Bohseite, ideally Ca4Be4Si9O24(OH)4, from the Piława GóRNA quarry, the Góry Sowie Block, SW Poland'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this