Black tea liquor ultrafiltration: effect of ethanol pre-treatment upon fouling and cleaning characteristics

Iain Argyle, Arto Pihlajamӓki, Michael Bird

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)
57 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

tThis paper reports on the use of polymeric ultrafiltration (UF) membrane ethanol pre-treatment as a strategy toimprove filtration performance in terms of both flux increase, and membrane water flux recovery following cleaning.A 4-fold pure water flux (PWF) increase was observed for a 100 kDa polysulfone membrane. Marked increases inpermeate flux were recorded for ethanol treated UF membranes over a range of molecular weight cut-off values.Ethanol treatment also aided fluxes over multiple foul-clean cycles, and enabled the enhanced transmission ofpolyphenols during UF for the clarification of black tea liquor. Following tea fouling and NaOH cleaning repetitions,PWF values of treated membranes were returned to values of >150% of the untreated virgin membrane PWF over4/5 consecutive cycles, indicating that the ethanol pre-treatment strategy adopted had a prolonged effect uponsubsequent performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)289 - 297
Number of pages9
JournalTransactions of the Institution of Chemical Engineers Part C: Food and Bioproducts Processing
Volume93
Early online date24 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

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