Bistable composite laminates: effects of laminate composition on cured-shape and response to thermal load

Peter Giddings, Christopher Bowen, Aki Salo, H Alicia Kim, Alan Ive

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

61 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper develops a finite element (FE) approach using commercial ANSYS V11.0 software to accurately predict the cured shape of bistable composites by including the influence of manufacturing imperfections, such as resin rich areas and ply-thickness variations. Laminate composition was characterised by optical microscopy and their cured shapes measured using a Peak Motus motion analysis system. The FE model accurately predicts observed differences between laminate curvature in the two stable states. Localised reversal of curvature resulting from through-thickness shear stress is also predicted. Structural response to thermal loading was experimentally characterised showing a temperature dependent deflection rate and a residual curvature caused by non-reversible residual stresses. FE-predictions show good agreement with experiment over the range 20-110°C. The presented data highlights the importance of manufacturing processes and materials selection in the design of thermally stressed multi-stable composite structures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2220-2225
Number of pages6
JournalComposite Structures
Volume92
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2010

Fingerprint

Thermal load
Laminates
Composite materials
Composite structures
Chemical analysis
Optical microscopy
Shear stress
Residual stresses
Resins
Defects
Experiments
Temperature
Motion analysis
Hot Temperature

Cite this

Bistable composite laminates: effects of laminate composition on cured-shape and response to thermal load. / Giddings, Peter; Bowen, Christopher; Salo, Aki; Kim, H Alicia; Ive, Alan.

In: Composite Structures, Vol. 92, No. 9, 08.2010, p. 2220-2225.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Giddings, Peter ; Bowen, Christopher ; Salo, Aki ; Kim, H Alicia ; Ive, Alan. / Bistable composite laminates: effects of laminate composition on cured-shape and response to thermal load. In: Composite Structures. 2010 ; Vol. 92, No. 9. pp. 2220-2225.
@article{8bcd94ae44794775b0a35e49cae7037d,
title = "Bistable composite laminates: effects of laminate composition on cured-shape and response to thermal load",
abstract = "This paper develops a finite element (FE) approach using commercial ANSYS V11.0 software to accurately predict the cured shape of bistable composites by including the influence of manufacturing imperfections, such as resin rich areas and ply-thickness variations. Laminate composition was characterised by optical microscopy and their cured shapes measured using a Peak Motus motion analysis system. The FE model accurately predicts observed differences between laminate curvature in the two stable states. Localised reversal of curvature resulting from through-thickness shear stress is also predicted. Structural response to thermal loading was experimentally characterised showing a temperature dependent deflection rate and a residual curvature caused by non-reversible residual stresses. FE-predictions show good agreement with experiment over the range 20-110°C. The presented data highlights the importance of manufacturing processes and materials selection in the design of thermally stressed multi-stable composite structures.",
author = "Peter Giddings and Christopher Bowen and Aki Salo and Kim, {H Alicia} and Alan Ive",
year = "2010",
month = "8",
doi = "10.1016/j.compstruct.2009.08.043",
language = "English",
volume = "92",
pages = "2220--2225",
journal = "Composite Structures",
issn = "0263-8223",
publisher = "Elsevier Masson",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bistable composite laminates: effects of laminate composition on cured-shape and response to thermal load

AU - Giddings, Peter

AU - Bowen, Christopher

AU - Salo, Aki

AU - Kim, H Alicia

AU - Ive, Alan

PY - 2010/8

Y1 - 2010/8

N2 - This paper develops a finite element (FE) approach using commercial ANSYS V11.0 software to accurately predict the cured shape of bistable composites by including the influence of manufacturing imperfections, such as resin rich areas and ply-thickness variations. Laminate composition was characterised by optical microscopy and their cured shapes measured using a Peak Motus motion analysis system. The FE model accurately predicts observed differences between laminate curvature in the two stable states. Localised reversal of curvature resulting from through-thickness shear stress is also predicted. Structural response to thermal loading was experimentally characterised showing a temperature dependent deflection rate and a residual curvature caused by non-reversible residual stresses. FE-predictions show good agreement with experiment over the range 20-110°C. The presented data highlights the importance of manufacturing processes and materials selection in the design of thermally stressed multi-stable composite structures.

AB - This paper develops a finite element (FE) approach using commercial ANSYS V11.0 software to accurately predict the cured shape of bistable composites by including the influence of manufacturing imperfections, such as resin rich areas and ply-thickness variations. Laminate composition was characterised by optical microscopy and their cured shapes measured using a Peak Motus motion analysis system. The FE model accurately predicts observed differences between laminate curvature in the two stable states. Localised reversal of curvature resulting from through-thickness shear stress is also predicted. Structural response to thermal loading was experimentally characterised showing a temperature dependent deflection rate and a residual curvature caused by non-reversible residual stresses. FE-predictions show good agreement with experiment over the range 20-110°C. The presented data highlights the importance of manufacturing processes and materials selection in the design of thermally stressed multi-stable composite structures.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77950866715&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compstruct.2009.08.043

U2 - 10.1016/j.compstruct.2009.08.043

DO - 10.1016/j.compstruct.2009.08.043

M3 - Article

VL - 92

SP - 2220

EP - 2225

JO - Composite Structures

JF - Composite Structures

SN - 0263-8223

IS - 9

ER -