Biomechanical performance of the cemented acetabular cup with combined effects of bone quality, implant material combinations and bodyweight

Ajay Kumar, Subrata Mondal, Rajesh Ghosh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

The objective of this study is to understand the combined effects of bone quality, implant materials and bodyweight on the biomechanical performance of cemented acetabular cup. Additionally, the performance of the cemented acetabular cup was evaluated for obesity cases or obese people. A total of 84 FE models (based on CT data) were developed based on combinations of three different cancellous bone material distributions to represent bone quality, four different implant material combinations and seven different bodyweights. The biomechanical performance of the acetabular cup was evaluated based on bone stress (both cortical and cancellous bone), cement mantle stress, micromotion and contact pressure between the acetabular cup and femoral head. Cortical bone stress, cancellous bone stress, cement stress, the contact pressure between implants and micromotion between implants are affected by different bone quality, implant material combinations and bodyweights. An increase in bodyweight would increase the cortical bone stress, cancellous bone stress, cement stress, contact pressure between implants and micromotion between implants. However, bodyweight affects the cortical and cancellous bone stress more (stiff rise of the bone stresses; nonlinear relation) as compared to other output parameters (mostly linear relation). Comparing cortical and cancellous bone stress, the stress versus bodyweight curve is much stiffer (stiff rise in the curve) for cortical bone than cancellous bone and that even further increases as bone quality decreases. Especially considering obesity cases or obese people (very high bodyweight), the performance of the cemented acetabular component is poor.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1309-1327
Number of pages19
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part H: Journal of Engineering in Medicine
Volume236
Issue number9
Early online date22 Jul 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding
The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article

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