Biomechanical loads in rugby union tackling are affected by tackle direction and impact shoulder

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Approximately 25% of Rugby Union injuries occur to players executing a tackle and they mostly involve upper-body regions. We designed novel tackle simulator to investigate upper-body loading under different tackling conditions: direction of approach and side of body used. Dominant shoulder tackles in the frontal direction generated the highest impact forces, 5.3 ± 1.0 kN (15% higher than non-dominant) and the lowest range of neck flexion (20% lower than non-dominant) at impact. Impact load decreased going from frontal to diagonal (-3%) and lateral tackling (-10%). The lowest peak head acceleration
and angular velocity resulted from diagonal tackles with the dominant shoulder. For injury prevention, the tackler should approach from an offset angle from frontal and coaching
should aim to reduce the deficiencies in tackling technique on the non-dominant side.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 35th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (2017) Cologne, Germany, June 13-18, 2017
Pages540 - 543
Number of pages4
Volume1
Publication statusAcceptance date - 3 Apr 2017
Event35th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports - German Sport University , Cologne, Germany
Duration: 14 Jun 201718 Jun 2017
https://www.isbs2017.com/

Conference

Conference35th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports
CountryGermany
CityCologne
Period14/06/1718/06/17
Internet address

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    Seminati, E., Cazzola, D., Trewartha, G., Williams, S., & Preatoni, E. (Accepted/In press). Biomechanical loads in rugby union tackling are affected by tackle direction and impact shoulder. In Proceedings of the 35th International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports (2017) Cologne, Germany, June 13-18, 2017 (Vol. 1, pp. 540 - 543)