Biomass fly ash effect on fresh and hardened state properties of cement based materials

Rejini Rajamma, L Senff, M J Ribeiro, J A Labrincha, Richard Ball, G C Allen, V M Ferreira

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101 Citations (SciVal)


Cement pastes and mortars were prepared by replacing ordinary Portland cement with different dosages
of biomass fly ashes (0, 10, 20 and 30% BFA) whilst in dry condition. The effect of BFA on the flow
behaviour (spread on table and rheology), setting time, temperature of hydration and electrical resistivity
was studied in this experimental research. Increasing the amount of BFA in the compositions required
extra dosage of water, as a result of particles fineness, tendency for agglomeration and retention/absorption
of water molecules. As a consequence, the relative amount of free water diminishes and the
flowability is poorer. The introduction of BFA also led to an increase in setting time, while the resistivity
obtained from the impedance measurements tends to be lower than the reference paste (ash-free). The
higher concentration of mobile species in the pore solution, namely sodium ions introduced by the ash,
explains that tendency. The hydration temperature of cement pastes tends to decrease with the level of
cement to ash replacement. Between the two tested ashes (from grate and fluidized sand bed furnaces),
differences in particle size and shape, in the amount of residual organic matter and concentration of
inorganic components define minor changes in the workability and setting behaviour. Therefore, the
introduction of biomass fly ashes affects the hardened state features but do not compromise them.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
JournalComposites Part B - Engineering
Early online date12 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2015


  • Recycling
  • Rheological properties
  • Physical properties
  • Mechanical testing


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