Biological Applications of Nanofluids: Antimicrobial Activity and Drug Delivery

Ziyuan Wang, Zichen Wang, Meng Zhang, Jiandong Cui, Ming Xie, Yunhong Jiang

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter or section


Recently, nanofluids have attained a vast field of application in the engi-neering industry and biomedical research due to unique physicochemical properties such as small and controllable size, large surface area to mass ratio, high reac-tivity and functionalize structure. Numerous antimicrobial drugs using nanofluids have been prescribed to kill or inhibit the growth of bacteria, fungi, and viruses. Nanofluids can also increase the mass and heat transfer through different media to repair or damage the cells, human organs and tissues based on different technologies such as magnetic hyperthermia or active coating. In this chapter, we highlight the recent progress in the development of biological applications of nanofluids in drug delivery systems and antibacterial activities for the treatment of microbial disease. For example, nanofluids could use as a potential antimicrobial agent to target antibiotic resistance. The current progress and challenges in using nanofluids as antimicrobial agents and the interactions between nanofluids and bacterial cells are presented in this chapter. The overview of the effect of particle size, morphology, surface charge and colloidal stability on the biological impact is discussed. This article could be useful for presenting the unite shared interest between nanoengineers and microbiologists in developing nanofluids for success in current medical and biological practice.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNanotechnology in Modern Medicine
EditorsS. Witharana, M. T. Napagoda
Place of PublicationSingapore
PublisherSpringer Nature
Number of pages27
ISBN (Electronic)9789811980503
ISBN (Print)9789811980497
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2022


  • Antibacterial
  • Drug delivery
  • Nanofluids
  • Zinc oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Engineering


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