Biofuel cells and their development

R A Bullen, T C Arnot, J B Lakeman, F C Walsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

891 Citations (SciVal)


This review considers the literature published since 1994 on microbial and enzymic biofuel cells. Types of biofuel cell are classified according to the nature of the electrode reaction and the nature of the biochem. reactions. The performance of fuel cells is critically reviewed and a variety of possible applications is considered. The current direction of development of biofuel cells is carefully analyzed. While considerable chem. development of enzyme electrodes has occurred, relatively little progress has been made towards the engineering development of biofuel cells. The limit of performance of biofuel cells is highlighted and suggestions for future research directions are provided. [on SciFinder (R)]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2015-2045
Number of pages31
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2006


  • review biofuel cell development
  • overview of technol. and development of biofuel cells)
  • Fuel cells (biochem. fuel cells


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