Biocatalytic and Bioelectrocatalytic Approaches for the Reduction of Carbon Dioxide using Enzymes

Stefanie Schlager, Angela Dibenedetto, Michele Aresta, Dogukan H. Apaydin, Liviu M. Dumitru, Helmut Neugebauer, Niyazi S. Sariciftci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

57 Citations (SciVal)


In the recent decade, CO2 has increasingly been regarded not only as a greenhouse gas but even more as a chemical feedstock for carbon-based materials. Different strategies have evolved to realize CO2 utilization and conversion into fuels and chemicals. In particular, biological approaches have drawn attention, as natural CO2 conversion serves as a model for many processes. Microorganisms and enzymes have been studied extensively for redox reactions involving CO2. In this review, we focus on monitoring nonliving biocatalyzed reactions for the reduction of CO2 by using enzymes. We depict the opportunities but also challenges associated with utilizing such biocatalysts. Besides the application of enzymes with co-factors, resembling natural processes, and co-factor recovery, we also discuss implementation into photochemical and electrochemical techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)812-821
JournalEnergy Technology
Issue number6
Early online date20 Jan 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2017


  • Biocatalysis
  • Dehydrogenases
  • Electroenzymatic processes
  • Enzymes
  • Reduction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)


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