Bio-composites for structural applications: Poly-l-lactide reinforced with long sisal fiber bundles

M. Prajer, M.P. Ansell

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20 Citations (SciVal)


Fully bio-based and biodegradable composites were compression molded from unidirectionally aligned sisal fiber bundles and a polylactide polymer matrix (PLLA). Caustic soda treatment was employed to modify the strength of sisal fibers and to improve fiber to matrix adhesion. Mechanical properties of PLLA/sisal fiber composites improved with caustic soda treatment: the mean flexural strength and modulus increased from 279 MPa and 19.4 GPa respectively to 286 MPa and 22 GPa at a fiber volume fraction of V=0.6. The glass transition temperature decreased with increasing fiber content in composites reinforced with untreated sisal fibers due to interfacial friction. The damping at the caustic soda-treated fibers-PLLA interface was reduced due to the presence of transcrystalline morphology at the fiber to matrix interface. It was demonstrated that high strength, high modulus sisal-PLLA composites can be produced with effective stress transfer at well-bonded fiber to matrix interfaces.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science
Issue number21
Early online date6 Jun 2014
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2014


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