Basic science of the fouling process

Francesco Coletti, Barry D. Crittenden, Sandro Macchietto

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chapter 2 reviews the science of the fouling process. The basic fouling mechanisms-crystallization, particulate, chemical reaction, corrosion, and biological fouling-are described with particular focus on the mechanisms underlying crude oil fouling: chemical reaction and corrosion fouling. Possible routes of formation of crude oil fouling deposits are then discussed. These include autoxidation, corrosion, polymerization, thermal cracking, and asphaltene precipitation. Several events occurring in fouling-initiation, transport, attachment, removal, and ageing-are also discussed. Finally, the chapter reviews the effects that key variables such as crude oil composition, operating conditions, and surface conditions have on these events.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCrude Oil Fouling
Subtitle of host publicationDeposit Characterization, Measurements, and Modeling
EditorsF. Coletti, G. F. Hewitt
Place of PublicationOxford, U. K.
PublisherElsevier
Pages23-50
Number of pages28
ISBN (Print)9780128012567
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Asphaltene precipitation
  • Autoxidation
  • Corrosion
  • Crude oil compatibility
  • Crude oil fouling
  • Events in fouling
  • Fouling mechanisms
  • Fouling science
  • Variables affecting fouling

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