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Abstract

The extent of sea ice in the Arctic Ocean has severely declined due to the amplification of climate change. Sea ice plays a pivotal role in the ice-albedo feedback process, limiting the planet’s absorption of solar radiation. Its reduction has been linked to rising sea levels and extreme weather events at more temperate latitudes. Many species are strongly associated with seasonal variation of ice cover, primarily for feeding grounds. With passive acoustic monitoring, acoustic signatures of marine mammals and sea ice processes can be identified to further understand the state of the Arctic.

This study uses recordings from the long-term research projects “Acoustic Ocean Under Melting Ice” (UNDER-ICE, 2014-2016) and “Coordinated Arctic Acoustic Thermometry Experiment” (CAATEX, 2019-2020). UNDER-ICE, in the Fram Strait, recorded for 130 seconds every 3 hours, at 1,953 Hertz from September 2014 to March 2016, whereas CAATEX, along the Eurasian Basin, recorded for 45 minutes every 12 hours at 976 Hertz from August 2019 to August 2020. The selection of recording stations presented here corresponds to 50+ GB of data, encompassing a wide range of soundscapes and acoustic sources (including ships and geophonics).

Due to the high duty cycle, these large datasets require automatic processing to highlight processes or signals of interest. This study will consider conventional detection methods, such as energy sum detectors, alongside the potential use of acoustic indices (such as Acoustic Complexity Index or Entropy) for identifying significant audio files for further analysis. Biophonic and cryophonic soundscape contributions will be linked with their seasonal variations, environmental changes in the region and future uses to train AI approaches for large-scale measurements. The usability of acoustic indices in analysing low-sample rate data (relative to the terrestrial ecological studies from which they were derived) will also be discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInstitute of Acoustics Proceedings
PublisherInstitute of Acoustics
Number of pages8
Volume46
Edition1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Jun 2024
EventInternational Conference on Underwater Acoustics - University of Bath, Bath, UK United Kingdom
Duration: 17 Jun 202420 Jun 2024
https://www.ioa.org.uk/catalogue/conference-proceedings/icua2024

Conference

ConferenceInternational Conference on Underwater Acoustics
Abbreviated titleICUA-2024
Country/TerritoryUK United Kingdom
CityBath
Period17/06/2420/06/24
Internet address

Keywords

  • underwater acoustics
  • climate change
  • Arctic
  • sea ice
  • biodiversity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Artificial Intelligence

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