Autistic characteristics in adults with epilepsy

SallyAnn Wakeford, Neal Hinvest, Howard Ring, Mark Brosnan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)
71 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Introduction: The reported prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in people with epilepsy ranges from 15% to 47%. Despite the high comorbidity, there has been a lack of systematic studies of autistic characteristics in epilepsy. Little is known about the relationship of epilepsy to the core characteristics of autism. The aim of this research was to measure autistic traits and characteristics in adults with epilepsy who do not have a diagnosis of any autism disorder. Method: We investigated autistic characteristics in adults with epilepsy and those without epilepsy employing the Autism Spectrum Quotient (group with epilepsy, n=. 40; control group, n=. 38) and systemizing and empathizing abilities employing the Intuitive Physics test and the Adult Eyes Task-Revised (group with epilepsy, n=. 19; control group, n=. 23). Results: Significantly more autistic behavioral traits, as measured by the AQ, were related to having epilepsy, but intact systemizing and empathizing abilities in these adults suggest that, in adults with epilepsy, autism-like symptoms may be present in the absence of wider cognitive profiles characteristic of autism. Conclusion: Increased autistic characteristics found in adults with epilepsy without an ASD diagnosis suggest that epilepsy syndromes may incorporate behavioral aspects of autism in the absence of some of its core cognitive features.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-207
Number of pages5
JournalEpilepsy and Behavior
Volume41
Early online date30 Oct 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

Fingerprint

Epilepsy
Autistic Disorder
Aptitude
Control Groups
Physics
Comorbidity

Keywords

  • Asperger condition
  • Asperger disorder
  • Autism
  • Autism spectrum disorders
  • Autistic traits
  • Comorbidity
  • Empathizing
  • Epilepsy
  • Systemizing

Cite this

Autistic characteristics in adults with epilepsy. / Wakeford, SallyAnn; Hinvest, Neal; Ring, Howard; Brosnan, Mark.

In: Epilepsy and Behavior, Vol. 41, 12.2014, p. 203-207.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wakeford, SallyAnn ; Hinvest, Neal ; Ring, Howard ; Brosnan, Mark. / Autistic characteristics in adults with epilepsy. In: Epilepsy and Behavior. 2014 ; Vol. 41. pp. 203-207.
@article{8613907ecddb4bdd96a55e006573f782,
title = "Autistic characteristics in adults with epilepsy",
abstract = "Introduction: The reported prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in people with epilepsy ranges from 15{\%} to 47{\%}. Despite the high comorbidity, there has been a lack of systematic studies of autistic characteristics in epilepsy. Little is known about the relationship of epilepsy to the core characteristics of autism. The aim of this research was to measure autistic traits and characteristics in adults with epilepsy who do not have a diagnosis of any autism disorder. Method: We investigated autistic characteristics in adults with epilepsy and those without epilepsy employing the Autism Spectrum Quotient (group with epilepsy, n=. 40; control group, n=. 38) and systemizing and empathizing abilities employing the Intuitive Physics test and the Adult Eyes Task-Revised (group with epilepsy, n=. 19; control group, n=. 23). Results: Significantly more autistic behavioral traits, as measured by the AQ, were related to having epilepsy, but intact systemizing and empathizing abilities in these adults suggest that, in adults with epilepsy, autism-like symptoms may be present in the absence of wider cognitive profiles characteristic of autism. Conclusion: Increased autistic characteristics found in adults with epilepsy without an ASD diagnosis suggest that epilepsy syndromes may incorporate behavioral aspects of autism in the absence of some of its core cognitive features.",
keywords = "Asperger condition, Asperger disorder, Autism, Autism spectrum disorders, Autistic traits, Comorbidity, Empathizing, Epilepsy, Systemizing",
author = "SallyAnn Wakeford and Neal Hinvest and Howard Ring and Mark Brosnan",
year = "2014",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.09.045",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "203--207",
journal = "Epilepsy and Behavior",
issn = "1525-5050",
publisher = "Elsevier Academic Press Inc",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Autistic characteristics in adults with epilepsy

AU - Wakeford, SallyAnn

AU - Hinvest, Neal

AU - Ring, Howard

AU - Brosnan, Mark

PY - 2014/12

Y1 - 2014/12

N2 - Introduction: The reported prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in people with epilepsy ranges from 15% to 47%. Despite the high comorbidity, there has been a lack of systematic studies of autistic characteristics in epilepsy. Little is known about the relationship of epilepsy to the core characteristics of autism. The aim of this research was to measure autistic traits and characteristics in adults with epilepsy who do not have a diagnosis of any autism disorder. Method: We investigated autistic characteristics in adults with epilepsy and those without epilepsy employing the Autism Spectrum Quotient (group with epilepsy, n=. 40; control group, n=. 38) and systemizing and empathizing abilities employing the Intuitive Physics test and the Adult Eyes Task-Revised (group with epilepsy, n=. 19; control group, n=. 23). Results: Significantly more autistic behavioral traits, as measured by the AQ, were related to having epilepsy, but intact systemizing and empathizing abilities in these adults suggest that, in adults with epilepsy, autism-like symptoms may be present in the absence of wider cognitive profiles characteristic of autism. Conclusion: Increased autistic characteristics found in adults with epilepsy without an ASD diagnosis suggest that epilepsy syndromes may incorporate behavioral aspects of autism in the absence of some of its core cognitive features.

AB - Introduction: The reported prevalence of autism spectrum disorders in people with epilepsy ranges from 15% to 47%. Despite the high comorbidity, there has been a lack of systematic studies of autistic characteristics in epilepsy. Little is known about the relationship of epilepsy to the core characteristics of autism. The aim of this research was to measure autistic traits and characteristics in adults with epilepsy who do not have a diagnosis of any autism disorder. Method: We investigated autistic characteristics in adults with epilepsy and those without epilepsy employing the Autism Spectrum Quotient (group with epilepsy, n=. 40; control group, n=. 38) and systemizing and empathizing abilities employing the Intuitive Physics test and the Adult Eyes Task-Revised (group with epilepsy, n=. 19; control group, n=. 23). Results: Significantly more autistic behavioral traits, as measured by the AQ, were related to having epilepsy, but intact systemizing and empathizing abilities in these adults suggest that, in adults with epilepsy, autism-like symptoms may be present in the absence of wider cognitive profiles characteristic of autism. Conclusion: Increased autistic characteristics found in adults with epilepsy without an ASD diagnosis suggest that epilepsy syndromes may incorporate behavioral aspects of autism in the absence of some of its core cognitive features.

KW - Asperger condition

KW - Asperger disorder

KW - Autism

KW - Autism spectrum disorders

KW - Autistic traits

KW - Comorbidity

KW - Empathizing

KW - Epilepsy

KW - Systemizing

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84910102642&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.09.045

U2 - 10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.09.045

DO - 10.1016/j.yebeh.2014.09.045

M3 - Article

VL - 41

SP - 203

EP - 207

JO - Epilepsy and Behavior

JF - Epilepsy and Behavior

SN - 1525-5050

ER -