Attempt to correlate simulations and measurements of turbine performance under pulsating flows for automotive turbochargers

Calogero Avola, Colin Copeland, Alessandro Romagnoli, Richard Burke, Pavlos Dimitriou

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Abstract

The paper attempts to correlate simulations and measurements of turbine performance under pulsating flows for automotive turbochargers. Under real automotive powertrain conditions, turbochargers are subjected to pulsating flows, due to the motion of the engine’s valves. Experiments on a purpose-built 2.2 L diesel engine gas-stand have allowed the quantification of unsteady pulsating turbine performance. Temperature, pressure and mass flow measurements are fundamental for the characterisation of turbine performance. An adequate sampling frequency of the instruments and acquisition rates are highly important for the quantification of unsteady turbomachine performance. In the absence of fast, responsive sensors for monitoring mass flow and temperature, however, appropriate considerations would have to be taken into account when making estimates of turbine performance under pulsating flows. A 1D model of the engine gas-stand has been developed and validated against experimental data. A hybrid unsteady/quasi-steady turbine model has been adopted to identify unsteadiness at the turbine inlet and outlet. To evaluate isentropic turbine efficiency and reduce the influence of external heat transfer upon measurements, the turbine inlet temperature has been measured experimentally in the vicinity of the turbine rotor in the inlet section, upstream of the turbine tongue. The hybrid unsteady/quasi-steady turbine model considers the presence of unsteady flows in the turbine inlet and outlet, leaving the rest of the turbine to react quasi-steadily. Virtual sensors and thermocouples have been implemented in a 1D model to correlate experimental time-averaged temperature measurements.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)174-187
Number of pages14
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering
Volume233
Issue number2
Early online date17 Nov 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

Fingerprint

Turbines
Powertrains
Flow measurement
Diesel engines
Sampling
Engines
Temperature
Monitoring
Sensors
Gases
Experiments

Keywords

  • Unsteady flow
  • temperature
  • turbine
  • turbine efficiency
  • turbine model
  • turbocharger

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "The paper attempts to correlate simulations and measurements of turbine performance under pulsating flows for automotive turbochargers. Under real automotive powertrain conditions, turbochargers are subjected to pulsating flows, due to the motion of the engine’s valves. Experiments on a purpose-built 2.2 L diesel engine gas-stand have allowed the quantification of unsteady pulsating turbine performance. Temperature, pressure and mass flow measurements are fundamental for the characterisation of turbine performance. An adequate sampling frequency of the instruments and acquisition rates are highly important for the quantification of unsteady turbomachine performance. In the absence of fast, responsive sensors for monitoring mass flow and temperature, however, appropriate considerations would have to be taken into account when making estimates of turbine performance under pulsating flows. A 1D model of the engine gas-stand has been developed and validated against experimental data. A hybrid unsteady/quasi-steady turbine model has been adopted to identify unsteadiness at the turbine inlet and outlet. To evaluate isentropic turbine efficiency and reduce the influence of external heat transfer upon measurements, the turbine inlet temperature has been measured experimentally in the vicinity of the turbine rotor in the inlet section, upstream of the turbine tongue. The hybrid unsteady/quasi-steady turbine model considers the presence of unsteady flows in the turbine inlet and outlet, leaving the rest of the turbine to react quasi-steadily. Virtual sensors and thermocouples have been implemented in a 1D model to correlate experimental time-averaged temperature measurements.",
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