Asthma medication prescribing before, during and after pregnancy: a study in 7 European regions

Rachel Charlton, Anna Pierini, Kari Klungsøyr, Amanda Neville, Susan Jordan, Lolkje de Jong-van den Berg , Daniel Thayer, H Jens Bos, Aurora Puccini, Anne Hansen, Rosa Gini, Anders Engeland, Anne-Marie Nybo Andersen, Helen Dolk, Ester Garne

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20 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Objectives To explore utilisation patterns of asthma medication before, during and after pregnancy as recorded in seven European population-based databases.

Design A descriptive drug utilisation study

Setting Seven electronic healthcare databases in Denmark, Norway, the Netherlands, Italy (Emilia Romagna and Tuscany), Wales, and the Clinical Practice Research Datalink representing the rest of the United Kingdom (UK).

Participants All women with a pregnancy ending in a delivery that started and ended between 2004 and 2010, who had been present in the database for the year before, throughout, and the year following pregnancy.

Main outcome measures The percentage of deliveries where the woman received an asthma medicine prescription, based on prescriptions issued (UK) or dispensed (non-UK), during the year before, throughout or during the year following pregnancy. Asthma medicine prescribing patterns were described for 3-month time periods and the choice of asthma medicine and changes in prescribing over the study period were evaluated in each database.

Results In total, 1,165,435 deliveries were identified. The prevalence of asthma medication prescribing during pregnancy was highest in the UK and Wales databases (9.4% CI95 9.3-9.6 and 9.4% CI95 9.1-9.6 respectively) and lowest in the Norwegian database (3.7% CI95 3.7-3.8). In the year before pregnancy, the prevalence of asthma medication prescribing remained constant in all regions. Prescribing levels peaked during the second trimester of pregnancy and were at their lowest during the 3-month period following delivery. A decline was observed, in all regions except the UK, in the prescribing of long-acting beta-2-agonists during pregnancy. During the seven year study period there were only small changes in prescribing patterns.

Conclusions Differences were found in the prevalence of prescribing of asthma medications during and surrounding pregnancy in Europe. Inhaled beta-2 agonists and inhaled corticosteroids were however the most popular therapeutic regimens in all databases.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere009237
JournalBMJ Open
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jan 2016

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