Associations of neighborhood social environment attributes and physical activity among 9-11 year old children from 12 countries

Samaah M Sullivan, Stephanie T Broyles, Tiago V Barreira, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Mikael Fogelholm, Gang Hu, Rebecca Kuriyan, Anura Kurpad, Estelle V Lambert, Carol Maher, Jose Maia, Victor Matsudo, Tim Olds, Vincent Onywera, Olga L Sarmiento, Martyn Standage, Mark S Tremblay, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Pei Zhao, Peter T KatzmarzykISCOLE Research Group

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Abstract

We investigated whether associations of neighborhood social environment attributes and physical activity differed among 12 countries and levels of economic development using World Bank classification (low/lower-middle-, upper-middle- and high- income countries) among 9-11 year old children (N=6161) from the International Study of Childhood Obesity, Lifestyle, and the Environment (ISCOLE). Collective efficacy and perceived crime were obtained via parental/guardian report. Moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) was assessed with waist-worn Actigraph accelerometers. Neighborhood environment by country interactions were tested using multi-level statistical models, adjusted for covariates. Effect estimates were reported by country and pooled estimates calculated across World Bank classifications for economic development using meta-analyses and forest plots. Associations between social environment attributes and MVPA varied among countries and levels of economic development. Associations were more consistent and in the hypothesized directions among countries with higher levels economic development, but less so among countries with lower levels of economic development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)183-191
Number of pages9
JournalHealth & Place
Volume46
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 May 2017

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Sullivan, S. M., Broyles, S. T., Barreira, T. V., Chaput, J-P., Fogelholm, M., Hu, G., ... ISCOLE Research Group (2017). Associations of neighborhood social environment attributes and physical activity among 9-11 year old children from 12 countries. Health & Place, 46, 183-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.05.013