Assessment tool for establishing local pharmaceutical manufacturing in low- and middle-income countries

Marita Zimmermann, Blythe Adamson, Tracy Lam-Hine, Timothy Rennie, Andy Stergachis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (SciVal)


Objective: In many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), limited availability, substandard quality and high prices of pharmaceutical products lead to lack of access to essential medicines and poor health outcomes. Manufacturing pharmaceuticals in LMICs may improve access for patients while increasing the market size for manufacturers. Methods: We present a tool for assessment of local manufacturing feasibility of pharmaceuticals, intended for use among key stakeholders during the business development process. The tool consists of five domains: product selection and capacity, market sizing, market entry, funding and quality assurance. Key findings: The tool is intended to identify barriers and facilitators for local manufacturing and provide a roadmap for decision-making across multiple stakeholders. A case study in Namibia identified key barriers and facilitators to successful manufacturing in that county. Conclusions: Careful consideration of feasibility and potential for success may lead to improved health for the populations of LMIC as well as significant market potential for pharmaceutical manufacturers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)364-368
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Issue number4
Early online date6 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This tool was developed with support from the Thomas Francis, Jr., Global Health Fellowship, University of Washington.


  • decision tool
  • local manufacturing
  • low- and middle-income countries
  • Namibia
  • pharmaceuticals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Assessment tool for establishing local pharmaceutical manufacturing in low- and middle-income countries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this