Assessing sound exposure from shipping in coastal waters using a single hydrophone and Automatic Identification System (AIS) data

Nathan D Merchant, Matthew J Witt, Philippe Blondel, Brendan J Godley, George H Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Underwater noise from shipping is a growing presence throughout the world’s oceans, and may be subjecting marine fauna to chronic noise exposure with potentially severe long-term consequences. The coincidence of dense shipping activity and sensitive marine ecosystems in coastal environments is of particular concern, and noise assessment methodologies which describe the high temporal variability of sound exposure in these areas are needed. We present a method of characterising sound exposure from shipping using continuous passive acoustic monitoring combined with Automatic Identification System (AIS) shipping data. The method is applied to data recorded in Falmouth Bay, UK. Absolute and relative levels of intermittent ship noise contributions to the 24-h sound exposure level are determined using an adaptive threshold, and the spatial distribution of potential ship sources is then analysed using AIS data. This technique can be used to prioritise shipping noise mitigation strategies in coastal marine environments.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1320-1329
Number of pages10
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume64
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2012

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Hydrophones
hydrophone
shipping
Freight transportation
coastal water
Identification (control systems)
Acoustic waves
Water
coastal zone
Ships
underwater noise
ships
Aquatic ecosystems
Acoustic noise
marine ecosystem
Spatial distribution
marine environment
mitigation
acoustics
Acoustics

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Assessing sound exposure from shipping in coastal waters using a single hydrophone and Automatic Identification System (AIS) data. / Merchant, Nathan D; Witt, Matthew J; Blondel, Philippe; Godley, Brendan J; Smith, George H.

In: Marine Pollution Bulletin, Vol. 64, No. 7, 01.07.2012, p. 1320-1329.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Merchant, Nathan D ; Witt, Matthew J ; Blondel, Philippe ; Godley, Brendan J ; Smith, George H. / Assessing sound exposure from shipping in coastal waters using a single hydrophone and Automatic Identification System (AIS) data. In: Marine Pollution Bulletin. 2012 ; Vol. 64, No. 7. pp. 1320-1329.
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