Articulations of Islamophobia: From the Extreme to the Mainstream?

Aurelien Mondon, Aaron Winter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

107 Citations (SciVal)
447 Downloads (Pure)


This article will examine the construction, functions and relationship between the diverse and changing articulations of Islamophobia. The aim of this article is to contribute to debates about the definition of Islamophobia, which have tended to be contextually specific (and sometimes universalized), fixed and/or polarized between racism and religious prejudice, between extreme and mainstream, state and non-state versions, or undifferentiated, and equip those interested in the issue with a more nuanced framework to: (a) clearly delineate articulations of Islamophobia as opposed to precise types and categories; (b) highlight the porosity in the discourse between the more extreme articulations widely condemned in the mainstream, and the more normalized and insidious ones, which the former tend to render more acceptable in comparison; (c) map where these intersect in response to events, historical and political conditions and new ideological forces and imperatives; and (d) compare articulations of Islamophobia in two contexts, France and the United States of America, in order to demonstrate both contextual differences and overlap and the application of our analysis and framework
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2151-2179
Number of pages29
JournalEthnic and Racial Studies
Issue number13
Early online date26 May 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Islamophobia
  • Racism
  • Populism


Dive into the research topics of 'Articulations of Islamophobia: From the Extreme to the Mainstream?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this