Aptamer-based Glycan PSA Score for Discrimination of Prostate Cancer from other Prostate Diseases

Ana Diaz-Fernandez, Rebeca Miranda-Castro, Noemi de los Santos Alvarez, Maria Jesus Lobo Castanon, Pedro Estrela

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Prostate specific antigen (PSA) is the common biomarker for prostate cancer (PCa). However, its lack of specificity to differentiate PCa from benign prostate disorders stimulates the search for alternative cancer biomarkers to improve the clinical management of the patients. Different studies have described changes in the core-fucosylation level of PSA between PCa patients and healthy controls. To exploit these findings, we have adapted an impedimetric aptamer-based sensor to the dual recognition of PSA. Two different aptamers, PSAG-1 and anti-PSA, are immobilized onto two adjacent nanostructured gold electrodes. The direct binding from diluted serum samples of specific glycosylated-PSA to the first sensor and total PSA to the second one leads to changes in the charge transfer resistance, which correlate to the amount of glycosylated and total PSA in the sample. The sensors are able to measure PSA in serum with a dynamic range between 0.26 and 62.5 ng/mL (PSAG-1) and from 0.64 to 62.5 ng/mL (anti-PSA), with a reproducibility of 5.4 %. The final output of the proposed platform is the ratio between PSAG-1 reactive PSA and total PSA, defined as the glycan score. The glycan score was tested in serum samples from patients with different pathologies, showing excellent correlation between the measured score and the known diagnosis of the patients. Hence this dual aptamer-based impedimetric biosensor could be used as a minimally invasive method for the diagnosis of prostate cancer.
Original languageEnglish
Article number112872
JournalBiosensors and Bioelectronics
Early online date29 Nov 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021


  • Aptasensor
  • Glycosylation pattern
  • Impedimetric sensor
  • Prostate cancer
  • PSA


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