Approaches to the Rational Design of Molecularly Imprinted Polymers Developed for the Selective Extraction or Detection of Antibiotics in Environmental and Food Samples

Oliver Jamieson, Francesco Mecozzi, Robert D. Crapnell, William Battell, Alexander Hudson, Katarina Novakovic, Ashwin Sachdeva, Francesco Canfarotta, Carmelo Herdes, Craig E. Banks, Helena Snyder, Marloes Peeters

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The World Health Organisation (WHO) reported antimicrobial resistance (AMR) as a global threat comparable to terrorism and climate change. The use of antibiotics in veterinary or clinical practice exerts a selective pressure, which accelerates the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. Therefore, there is a clear need to detect antibiotic residues in complex matrices, such as water, food, and environmental samples, in a fast, selective, cost-effective, and quantitative manner. Once problematic areas are identified, can extraction of the antibiotics then be carried out to reduce AMR development. Molecularly imprinted polymer (MIPs) are synthetic recognition elements produced through the biomarker of interest being used as a template in order to manufacture tailor-made ligand selective polymeric recognition sites. They are emerging steadily as a viable alternative to antibiotics, especially given their low-cost, superior thermal and chemical stability that facilitates on-site detection, simplified manufacturing process, and avoiding the use of animals in the production process. In this paper, the authors critically review literature from primarily 2010–2020 on rational design approaches used to develop MIPs for sensing and extraction of antibiotics, providing an outlook on crucial issues that need to be tackled to bring MIPs for antibiotic sensing to the market.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (A) Applications and Materials Science
Early online date5 May 2021
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 5 May 2021


  • antimicrobial resistance
  • environmental monitoring
  • food quality
  • molecularly imprinted polymers
  • solid-phase extractions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

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