Application of polyaniline/clay combination to cellulosic paper as an approach to conductivity development

Chandrasekaran Saravanan, Z. He, Y. Ni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A polyaniline/clay combination was prepared via: 1) mixing polyaniline dispersion with clay; or 2) in situ polymerization of aniline in the presence of clay. To deliver electrical conductivity to cellulosic paper, the polyaniline/clay composition was applied to the paper surface by Meyer rod coating. The conductive paper was analyzed by Scanning Electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier Transmission Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). For comparison purposes, conductive paper was also prepared by in situ polymerization of aniline in the presence of cellulosic fibers. The in-situ formed polyaniline was deposited on the fiber surface, and the polyaniline-deposited cellulosic fibers were made into paper sheets. It was found that at the same aniline content, paper surface coating with polyaniline/clay composition gave a much higher conductivity in comparison with the use of polyaniline-deposited cellulosic fibers for paper sheet formation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1886-1897
Number of pages12
JournalBioResources
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2014

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