An experimental study was completed to investigate the ability of a fixed, two-dimensional LiDAR instrument to obtain detailed measurements of propagating waves within a laboratory wave flume. The results show that this technology can be used to obtain synchronous free-surface measurements at a horizontal spatial resolution O(10. mm), with comparable vertical accuracy to that of more conventional, high-precision capacitance wave probes. The principal advantage of using the LiDAR is that a single, non-intrusive instrument can be utilised to measure the entire wave field at high resolution allowing detailed evaluation of wave transformation throughout the experimental domain.
Blenkinsopp, C. E., Turner, I. L., Allis, M. J., Peirson, W. L., & Garden, L. E. (2012). Application of LiDAR technology for measurement of time-varying free-surface profiles in a laboratory wave flume. Coastal Engineering, 68, 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2012.04.006