Application of ionic liquids, emulsions, sonication, and microwave assistance

John D. Watkins, Frank Marken

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter or section

1 Citation (SciVal)


Electrochemical processes are predominantly heterogeneous in nature requiring mass transport and in some cases thermal reaction control. The need for special conditions in electrosynthesis is therefore intertwined with the control of the mechanism and linked either to the enhancement of reaction selectivity, conversion rate, or product yield. Increasingly however, it is also the search for green conditions that drives the exploration of special conditions [1]. For example, the use of excess solvents has long been regarded as detrimental to the environment, with an onus to reduce their quantity or replace them with less hazardous alternatives. It is for this reason that supercritical fluids and various types of room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs) are receiving much attention in standard organic preparations as well as electrosynthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationOrganic Electrochemistry, Fifth Edition
Subtitle of host publicationRevised and Expanded
EditorsOle Hammerich, Bernd Speiser
Place of PublicationBoca Raton, U. S. A.
PublisherCRC Press
Number of pages14
ISBN (Electronic)9781420084023
ISBN (Print)9781420084016
Publication statusPublished - 6 Nov 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)


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