Anti-Site Defects and Ion Migration in the LiFe0.5Mn0.5PO4 Mixed-Metal Cathode Material

G R Gardiner, M S Islam

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Abstract

Olivine-type phosphates have attracted considerable attention as cathode materials for rechargeable lithium batteries. Here, the defect and ion transport properties of the mixed-metal material LiFe0.5Mn0.5PO4 are investigated by atomistic modeling methods. The intrinsic defect type with the lowest energy is the cation antisite defect, in which Li and Fe/Mn ions exchange positions. As found in the LiFePO4 material, lithium ion diffusion in the mixed-metal system occurs down the b-axis channels following a curved path. Migration energies for Fe and Mn antisite cations on Li sites suggest that Mn defects Would Impede bulk Li mobility in LiFe0.5Mn0.5PO4 to a greater extent than Fe antisite defects in LiFePO4. Association or binding energies for various defect Clusters comprised of lithium vacancies and/or antisite cations arc examined.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1242-1248
Number of pages7
JournalChemistry of Materials
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

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