Anodic stripping voltammetric determination of zinc at a 3-D printed carbon nanofiber–graphite–polystyrene electrode using a carbon pseudo-reference electrode

Kevin C. Honeychurch, Zuhayr Rymansaib, Pejman Iravani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The application of a novel fully 3-D printed carbon nanofiber–graphite–polystyrene electrode has been investigated for the trace determination of Zn2+ by differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry. The possibility of utilising a carbon pseudo-reference electrode was found to be successful. The effect of accumulation potential and time were investigated and optimised. Using an accumulation potential of −2.9 V (vs. C) and an accumulation time of 75 s a single sharp anodic stripping peak was recorded exhibiting a linear response from 12.7 μg/L to 450 μg/L. The theoretical detection limit (3σ) was calculated as 8.6 μg/L. Using the optimised conditions a mean recovery of 97.8%, (%CV = 2.0%, n = 5) for a tap water sample fortified at 0.990 μg/mL was obtained indicating the method holds promise for the determination of Zn2+ in such samples.

LanguageEnglish
Pages476-482
Number of pages7
JournalSensors and Actuators, B: Chemical
Volume267
Early online date12 Apr 2018
DOIs
StatusPublished - 15 Aug 2018

Fingerprint

anodic stripping
Carbon nanofibers
Graphite
Polystyrenes
Zinc
polystyrene
Carbon
graphite
zinc
Electrodes
electrodes
carbon
Voltammetry
taps
Recovery
Water
recovery
pulses
water

Keywords

  • 3D printed
  • Stripping voltammetry
  • Tap water
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Instrumentation
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Anodic stripping voltammetric determination of zinc at a 3-D printed carbon nanofiber–graphite–polystyrene electrode using a carbon pseudo-reference electrode",
abstract = "The application of a novel fully 3-D printed carbon nanofiber–graphite–polystyrene electrode has been investigated for the trace determination of Zn2+ by differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry. The possibility of utilising a carbon pseudo-reference electrode was found to be successful. The effect of accumulation potential and time were investigated and optimised. Using an accumulation potential of −2.9 V (vs. C) and an accumulation time of 75 s a single sharp anodic stripping peak was recorded exhibiting a linear response from 12.7 μg/L to 450 μg/L. The theoretical detection limit (3σ) was calculated as 8.6 μg/L. Using the optimised conditions a mean recovery of 97.8{\%}, ({\%}CV = 2.0{\%}, n = 5) for a tap water sample fortified at 0.990 μg/mL was obtained indicating the method holds promise for the determination of Zn2+ in such samples.",
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AU - Iravani,Pejman

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N2 - The application of a novel fully 3-D printed carbon nanofiber–graphite–polystyrene electrode has been investigated for the trace determination of Zn2+ by differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry. The possibility of utilising a carbon pseudo-reference electrode was found to be successful. The effect of accumulation potential and time were investigated and optimised. Using an accumulation potential of −2.9 V (vs. C) and an accumulation time of 75 s a single sharp anodic stripping peak was recorded exhibiting a linear response from 12.7 μg/L to 450 μg/L. The theoretical detection limit (3σ) was calculated as 8.6 μg/L. Using the optimised conditions a mean recovery of 97.8%, (%CV = 2.0%, n = 5) for a tap water sample fortified at 0.990 μg/mL was obtained indicating the method holds promise for the determination of Zn2+ in such samples.

AB - The application of a novel fully 3-D printed carbon nanofiber–graphite–polystyrene electrode has been investigated for the trace determination of Zn2+ by differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry. The possibility of utilising a carbon pseudo-reference electrode was found to be successful. The effect of accumulation potential and time were investigated and optimised. Using an accumulation potential of −2.9 V (vs. C) and an accumulation time of 75 s a single sharp anodic stripping peak was recorded exhibiting a linear response from 12.7 μg/L to 450 μg/L. The theoretical detection limit (3σ) was calculated as 8.6 μg/L. Using the optimised conditions a mean recovery of 97.8%, (%CV = 2.0%, n = 5) for a tap water sample fortified at 0.990 μg/mL was obtained indicating the method holds promise for the determination of Zn2+ in such samples.

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