Projects per year
Somatic angiotensin-I converting enzyme (sACE) has an essential role in the regulation of blood pressure and electrolyte fluid homeostasis. It is a zinc protease that cleaves angiotensin-I (AngI), bradykinin, and a broad range of other signalling peptides. The enzyme activity is provided by two homologous domains (N- and C-), which display clear differences in substrate specificities and chloride activation. The presence of chloride ions in sACE and its unusual role in activity was identified early on in the characterisation of the enzyme. The molecular mechanisms of chloride activation have been investigated thoroughly through mutagenesis studies and shown to be substrate-dependent. Recent results from X-ray crystallography structural analysis have provided the basis for the intricate interactions between ACE, its substrate and chloride ions. Here we describe the role of chloride ions in human ACE and its physiological consequences. Insights into the chloride activation of the N- and C-domains could impact the design of improved domain-specific ACE inhibitors.
- Angiotensin-I converting enzyme
- Chloride activation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Molecular Biology
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- 1 Finished
Structural Studies on Human Angiotensin-1 Converting Enzyme (ACE) and the Design of Novel Domain-Specific Inhibitors
1/10/11 → 30/09/14
Project: Research council