Androgens and competitiveness in men

Coren L. Apicella, Anna Dreber, Peter B. Gray, Moshe Hoffman, Anthony C. Little, Benjamin C. Campbell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Citations (SciVal)


In this study, we investigate the association between a number of hormonal variables (circulating testosterone, facial masculinity, 2D:4D digit ratio, and cortisol) and competitiveness in a sample of 93 men aged 18-23. Competitiveness is measured by self-selection into a competitive setting versus a piece-rate scheme. We find no robust correlations between any of the hormonal variables and competiveness, though there are some suggestive patterns in the data which merit further exploration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54-62
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011


  • Competitiveness
  • Gender differences
  • Hormones
  • Neuroeconomics


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