Image warping for spatial forecast verification is applied to the test cases employed by the Spatial Forecast Verification Intercomparison Project (ICP), which includes both real and contrived cases. A larger set of cases is also used to investigate aggregating results for summarizing forecast performance over a long record of forecasts. The technique handles the geometric and perturbed cases with nearly exact precision, as would be expected. A statistic, dubbed here the IWS for image warp statistic, is proposed for ranking multiple forecasts and tested on the perturbed cases. IWS rankings for perturbed and real test cases are found to be sensible and physically interpretable. A powerful result of this study is that the image warp can be employed using a relatively sparse, preset regular grid without having to first identify features.
- forecast verification
- stochastic models
- statistical forecasting
Gilleland, E., Lindström, J., & Lindgren, F. (2010). Analyzing the Image Warp Forecast Verification Method on Precipitation Fields from the ICP. Weather and Forecasting, 25(4), 1249-1262. https://doi.org/10.1175/2010WAF2222365.1