In wound-field (WF) switched flux (SF) (WFSF) machines, the DC winding induced voltage pulsation causes current ripple in the DC winding and challenges the DC power source, and deteriorates the control performance. In this paper, the induced voltage pulsation in DC winding of five-phase WFSF machines is analyzed and its reduction methods are proposed. The cycles per electric period of the open-circuit and armature reaction induced voltage pulsation in DC winding are derived analytically. Modifying the airgap permeance by optimizing the rotor pole arc or chamfering the rotor pole surface, and axial pairing of rotor segments having rotor pole with different arcs are used to suppress the induced voltage pulsation in DC winding, with >90% average torque maintained. Finite element results show that, by optimizing the rotor pole arc, the peak-to-peak value of the induced voltage pulsation in DC winding can be effectively suppressed to 59.59%, 30.67%, 29.99% and 43.35% for the 10-stator-pole five-phase WFSF machines with 8-, 9-, 11- and 12-rotor-pole rotors, respectively. By applying rotor pole surface shaping, the induced voltage pulsation in DC winding peak-to-peak value can be effectively suppressed to 61.76%, 45.47% and 40.21% for the 8-, 9- and 12-rotor-pole machines, respectively, while by applying axial pairing, it can be suppressed to 46.89%, 7.16%, 15.64% and 12.04%, respectively. The 10-stator-pole/12-rotor-pole WFSF machines having the original rotor, optimized rotor, chamfered rotor and axial paired rotor are prototyped and the experiments validate the analytical and finite element results.
Wu, Z., Zhu, Z. Q., Hua, W., Akehurst, S., Zhu, X., Hu, J., Li, H., & Zhu, J. (2019). Analysis and Suppression of Induced Voltage Pulsation in DC Winding of Five-Phase Wound-Field Switched Flux Machines. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion. https://doi.org/10.1109/TEC.2019.2938161