Analysis and modelling of the transient thermal behaviour of automotive turbochargers

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

  • 3 Citations

Abstract

Turbochargers are a key technology to deliver fuel consumption reductions on future internal combustion engines. However, the current industry standard modeling approaches assume the turbine and compressor operate under adiabatic conditions. Although some state of the art modeling approaches have been presented for simulating the thermal behavior, these have focused on thermally stable conditions. In this work, an instrumented turbocharger was operated on a 2.2L Diesel engine and in parallel a one-dimensional lumped capacity thermal model was developed. For the first time this paper presents analysis of experimental and modeling results under dynamic engine operating conditions. Engine speed and load conditions were varied to induce thermal transients with turbine inlet temperatures ranging from 200-800oC; warm-up behavior from 25oC ambient was also studied. Following a model tuning process based on steady operating conditions, the model was used to predict turbine and compressor gas outlet temperatures, doing so with an RMSE of
8.4oC and 7.1oC respectively. On the turbine side, peak heat losses from the exhaust gases were observed to be up to double those observed under thermally stable conditions due to the heat accumulation in the structure. During warm-up, the model simplifications did not allow for accurate modeling of compressor, however on the turbine side gas temperature predictions errors were reduced from 150oC to around 40oC. The main benefits from the present modeling approach appear to be in turbine outlet temperature prediction, however modeling improvements are identified for future work.

Conference

ConferenceASME Internal Combustion Engine Fall Technical Conference 2013
CountryUSA United States
CityDearborn
Period13/10/1316/10/13

Fingerprint

Turbines
Compressors
Engines
Gas compressors
Temperature
Exhaust gases
Internal combustion engines
Heat losses
Fuel consumption
Specific heat
Gas turbines
Diesel engines
Tuning
Hot Temperature
Gases
Industry

Keywords

  • heat transfer
  • turbocharger
  • transient
  • model
  • experiment
  • engine

Cite this

Burke, R. D. (2013). Analysis and modelling of the transient thermal behaviour of automotive turbochargers. Paper presented at ASME Internal Combustion Engine Fall Technical Conference 2013, Dearborn, USA United States.

Analysis and modelling of the transient thermal behaviour of automotive turbochargers. / Burke, R D.

2013. Paper presented at ASME Internal Combustion Engine Fall Technical Conference 2013, Dearborn, USA United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Burke, RD 2013, 'Analysis and modelling of the transient thermal behaviour of automotive turbochargers' Paper presented at ASME Internal Combustion Engine Fall Technical Conference 2013, Dearborn, USA United States, 13/10/13 - 16/10/13, .
Burke RD. Analysis and modelling of the transient thermal behaviour of automotive turbochargers. 2013. Paper presented at ASME Internal Combustion Engine Fall Technical Conference 2013, Dearborn, USA United States.
Burke, R D. / Analysis and modelling of the transient thermal behaviour of automotive turbochargers. Paper presented at ASME Internal Combustion Engine Fall Technical Conference 2013, Dearborn, USA United States.
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AB - Turbochargers are a key technology to deliver fuel consumption reductions on future internal combustion engines. However, the current industry standard modeling approaches assume the turbine and compressor operate under adiabatic conditions. Although some state of the art modeling approaches have been presented for simulating the thermal behavior, these have focused on thermally stable conditions. In this work, an instrumented turbocharger was operated on a 2.2L Diesel engine and in parallel a one-dimensional lumped capacity thermal model was developed. For the first time this paper presents analysis of experimental and modeling results under dynamic engine operating conditions. Engine speed and load conditions were varied to induce thermal transients with turbine inlet temperatures ranging from 200-800oC; warm-up behavior from 25oC ambient was also studied. Following a model tuning process based on steady operating conditions, the model was used to predict turbine and compressor gas outlet temperatures, doing so with an RMSE of8.4oC and 7.1oC respectively. On the turbine side, peak heat losses from the exhaust gases were observed to be up to double those observed under thermally stable conditions due to the heat accumulation in the structure. During warm-up, the model simplifications did not allow for accurate modeling of compressor, however on the turbine side gas temperature predictions errors were reduced from 150oC to around 40oC. The main benefits from the present modeling approach appear to be in turbine outlet temperature prediction, however modeling improvements are identified for future work.

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