Leaving school represents a time in which adolescents are likely to gain more ownership and choice regarding their health and lifestyle behaviours (e.g., exercise behaviour). Baseline data from a longitudinal study of 481 school leavers at the initial stage of this transition are presented and modelled using structural equation modelling. Results supported a model in which perceptions of autonomy support from others (viz., peers, parents, and teachers) positively predicted exercise-related need satisfaction and negatively predicted need frustration. Need satisfaction positively predicted relative intrinsic goals, autonomous motivation, and negatively predicted controlled motivation. Need frustration positively predicted controlled motivation and negatively predicted relative intrinsic goals. Autonomous motivation and relative intrinsic goals were positively associated with subjective well-being, vitality, and negatively linked with exercise anxiety. Autonomous motivation positively predicted exercise behaviour. Controlled motivation positively predicted exercise anxiety and was negatively associated with subjective well-being and vitality. Results of multisample analyses supported gender invariance.
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
|Event||5th International Conference on Self-Determination Theory - Rochester, USA United States|
Duration: 27 Jun 2013 → 30 Jun 2013
|Conference||5th International Conference on Self-Determination Theory|
|Country||USA United States|
|Period||27/06/13 → 30/06/13|